Mutton Biryani

Mutton biryani is an irresistible rice dish that is popular in the Indian subcontinent. It is made with Indian spices, rice, meat and sometimes vegetables and eggs too in certain regional varieties. Mutton biryani is made from goat meat, rice, whole spices, powdered spices, and ghee. The ingredients required to make this delicious recipe may look exhaustive but the taste of this dish is worth everything.

Since mutton takes a longer time to cook when compared to chicken or fish, it is first pressure cooked to make a mutton gravy and then cooked on dum along with rice. Continue reading if you want to know how to make this delicious mutton biryani. 🙂

Prep time: 60 minutes
Cook time: 45 minutes
Total time: 105 minutes
Servings: 4


250g mutton, cut into medium-sized pieces
2 cups basmati rice
2 cups of water
1 cup whole milk/ coconut milk
1/2 cup yogurt
1 small onion, ground into a paste
10-12 green chilies, ground into a paste
1 small tomato, finely chopped
4 green cardamom
2 cloves
1/2 inch cinnamon
2 star anise
2 Bay leaves
10 – 15 Mint leaves, chopped
4 – 5 tablespoon coriander leaves, chopped
1 tablespoon ginger garlic paste
1/4 teaspoon turmeric powder
3/4 teaspoon red chili powder
1 teaspoon coriander powder
1/2 teaspoon black pepper powder
1 teaspoon garam masala powder
Salt to taste
2 tablespoons cashews
2 tablespoons vegetable oil
2 tablespoons ghee

For Marination:
5-6 tablespoons yogurt
1 tablespoon black pepper powder
1/2 teaspoon turmeric powder
1/2 lime juice
1 teaspoon salt


Marination (60 minutes):

  1. Rinse mutton thoroughly.
  2. Into a large bowl, add rinsed mutton, yogurt, black pepper powder, turmeric powder, lime juice, and salt. Combine everything well. Let this marinade sit in the refrigerator for 60 minutes.
  3. Rinse and soak basmati rice in water for 60 minutes.

Pressure Cooking:

  1. Heat vegetable oil in a cooker on low-medium flame.
  2. Then add the dry whole spice in – green cardamom, cloves, cinnamon, bay leaves, star anise. Fry these for a minute.
  3. Saute the onion paste until it becomes transparent. Add ginger-garlic paste and saute until raw smell no more exists.
  4. Add green chili paste and fry it for a minute. Then fry coriander and mint leaves for another minute.
  5. Stir in all the powdered spices – turmeric, red chili, black pepper, coriander, garam masala, and salt to taste.
  6. Pour in the marinade and combine well. Cook on high heat for 2 minutes. Add about 50 ml of water, combine and pressure cook until mutton is cooked up to 80 %. (This usually takes 3-4 whistles)
  7. Once the cooker depressurizes, transfer the mutton gravy (contents) into a large cooking pot with the lid on and keep it on low-medium heat.
  8. Add tomatoes and let them soften. When you see the gravy thickening, add yogurt followed by whole milk and give it a good stir.
  9. Pour water and then add rice, cashews, and ghee. Cover and let the mixture come to a boil.
  10. At this point, taste for salt and spice. Add more if necessary.
  11. Cover and cook on medium heat until rice is cooked up to 70%.
  12. Lastly, to cook biryani on dum – Place a pan/Tawa on low heat. Then place the cooking pot containing partially cooked biryani on it. Cover and let it cook on low heat until biryani is done. It usually takes 10 – 15 minutes to be fully cooked. (Make sure to close all the openings with the wheat dough if the cooking pot has any)
  13. Turn off and let biryani sit for 10 minutes more.
  14. Enjoy delicious mutton biryani with onion raita.
Mutton biryani with onion raita
  • You can tweak the quantity of each ingredient as per your taste and preference.
  • For 2 cups of rice to cook, 4 cups of liquid are required; which is divided here into 2 cups of water, 1 cup of whole milk and 1/2 yogurt. Since already some amount of liquid is present after pressure cooking mutton this measurement is perfect.
  • While cooking on dum, maintain heat on low. And make sure to cover all the openings if the cooking pot contains any. You can also place a heavy container on top to ensure the steam does not get out of the cooking pot.
  • Mutton biryani can be stored in the refrigerator for 2 days.

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Did you try this recipe? Let me know how you liked it! 🙂

Rating: 1 out of 5.

Happy cooking and happy eating ❤